Ribbon heating elements are used where higher watts/sq. in. are required. Operations performed include annealing, hardening, normalizing, tempering, sintering, stress relieving, curing, paint baking, drying, brazing, nitriding, carburizing, carbonitriding, aging, and solution treating.
Bell, batch, conveyor, rotary hearth, pusher, box draw, car bottom, mesh belt, pit, and vacuum furnaces, and industrial ovens and gas generators.
200° F to 2370° F (93° C to 1300° C).
0.02 in. x 1/4 in. to 0.187 in. x 4 in. (0.5 mm x 6.35 mm to 4.75 mm x 101.6 mm).